Kia Optima: Engine Control System - Engine Control/Fuel System - Kia Optima TF 2011-2021 Service ManualKia Optima: Engine Control System

Troubleshooting
Basic Troubleshooting Basic Troubleshooting Guide Customer Problem Analysis Sheet Basic Inspection ProcedureMeasuring Condition of Electronic Parts' Resistance The measured resistance at hi ...

Description and Operation
OBD-II review 1. OverviewThe California Air Resources Board (CARB) began regulation of On Board Diagnostics (OBD) for vehicles sold in California beginning with the 1988 model year. The first ...

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Auto Head Lamp Leveling Unit Description and Operation
Description According to driving environment and loading state of vehicle, head lamp lighting direction is changed to keep the driver''s visibility range and to protect the driver''s vision fro ...

Intake Air Temperature Sensor (IATS) Description and Operation
Description Intake Air Temperature Sensor (IATS) is included inside Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor and detects the intake air temperature. To calculate precise air quantity, correction of t ...

Crash Pad. Repair procedures
Replacement Cluster Replacement • When prying with a flat-tip screwdriver, wrap it with protective tape, and apply ...

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