Kia Optima: Body (Interior and Exterior) - Kia Optima TF 2011-2017 Service ManualKia Optima: Body (Interior and Exterior)

Steering Angle Sensor. Description and Operation
Description The Steering Angle Sensor (SAS) is installed in MDPS (Motor Driven Power Steering) and it sends messages to HECU through CAN communication line.The SAS is used to determine turning di ...

General Information
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Inspection
1. Check-points upon head lamp failure (HID) (1) Check the battery voltage. (Low beam will be on when the battery voltage above 9V.) (2) ...

Description and Operation
Description The hydraulic system consists of oil, an oil filter, an oil pump, and a valve body (valves and solenoid valves). The oil pump is powered by the engine. ATF passes through the oil filt ...

Compressor Oil. Repair procedures
Oil Specification 1. The HFC-134a system requires synthetic (PAG) compressor oil whereas the R-12 system requires mineral compressor oil. The two oils must never be mixed. ...

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