Kia Optima: Body (Interior and Exterior) - Kia Optima TF 2011-2017 Service ManualKia Optima: Body (Interior and Exterior)

Steering Angle Sensor. Description and Operation
Description The Steering Angle Sensor (SAS) is installed in MDPS (Motor Driven Power Steering) and it sends messages to HECU through CAN communication line.The SAS is used to determine turning di ...

General Information
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Inspection
1. Ignition "OFF" 2. Disconnect evaporator temperature sensor. 3. Using the multi-tester, Measure resistance between terminal "1" ...

Removal
Replacing an on/off solenoid valve (SS-A, SS-B) does not require additional hydraulic pressure adjustment; however, the hydraulic pre ...

Self Diagnosis
1. Self-diagnosis process 2. How to read self-diagnostic code After the display panel flickers three times every 0.5 second, the corresponding fault code flick ...

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