Kia Optima: Electric Power Steering - Steering System - Kia Optima TF 2011-2019 Service ManualKia Optima: Electric Power Steering

Heated Steering wheel. Repair procedures
Inspection Measure a temperature. Х The temperature of wheel surface grip must rise from -20∞C to 20∞C within 6 minute Х The temperature of wheel surface grip must ...

Description and Operation
Description EPS (Electric power steering, Column assist type) system uses an electric motor to assist the steering force and it is an engine operation independent steering system. EPS control m ...

See also:

Tightening Torques
Item kgf.m N.m lb-ft Positive crankcase ventilation valve installation 0.19 ~ 0.29 1.9 ~ 2.8 1.4 ~ 2.1 ...

VSM (Vehicle stability management)
This system provides further enhancements to vehicle stability and steering responses when a vehicle is driving on a slippery road or a vehicle detected changes in coefficient of friction between ...

Removal
1. Disconnect the battery negative cable, and wait for at least three minutes before beginning work. 2. To remove the seat belt anchor pretensioner (C), keep on push ...

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