Kia Optima: Electric Power Steering - Steering System - Kia Optima TF 2011-2018 Service ManualKia Optima: Electric Power Steering

Heated Steering wheel. Repair procedures
Inspection Measure a temperature. Х The temperature of wheel surface grip must rise from -20∞C to 20∞C within 6 minute Х The temperature of wheel surface grip must ...

Description and Operation
Description EPS (Electric power steering, Column assist type) system uses an electric motor to assist the steering force and it is an engine operation independent steering system. EPS control m ...

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Installation
1. Remove the ignition key from the vehicle. 2. Disconnect the battery negative cable and wait for at least three minutes before beginning work. 3. In ...

Measurement Method
Projected Dimensions 1. These are the dimensions measured when the measurement points are projected into the reference plane, and are the reference dimensions used for b ...

Muffler. Components and Components Location
Components   1. Front muffler 2. Catalytic converter & center muffler assembly 3. Main muffler 4. Gasket 5. Hanger ...

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