Kia Optima: Removal Of Parts - General Information - Kia Optima TF 2011-2018 Service ManualKia Optima: Removal Of Parts

First find the cause of the problem and then determine whether removal or disassembly before starting the job.

Disassembly

Special Tools
Use special tools when they are required. ...

Disassembly
If the disassembly procedure is complex, requiring many parts to be disassembled, all parts should be disassembled in a way that will not affect their performance or external appearance. 1. ...

See also:

Parts
When replacing parts, use KIA MOTORS genuine parts. ...

Inspection
1. Check the audio remote control switch (A) for resistance between connector terminals in each switch position. [LH-Audio] [LH-Mute] [Audio] Switch ...

ETC (Electronic Throttle Control) System. Troubleshooting
Fail-Safe Mode Item Fail-Safe ETC Motor Throttle valve stuck at 5° TPS TPS 1 fault ECM looks at TPS2 ...

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