Kia Optima: Timing Chain Repair procedures - Timing System - Engine Mechanical SystemKia Optima: Timing Chain Repair procedures

Removal
   
   
Use fender covers to avoid damaging painted surfaces.
To avoid damage, unplug the wiring connectors carefully while holding the connector portion.
   
   
Mark all wiring and hoses to avoid misconnection.
   
   
Be sure to read and follow the “General Safety Information and Caution” before doing any work related with the high voltage system. Failure to follow the safety instructions may result in serious electrical injuries.
Be sure to shut off the high voltage circuit according to the “High Voltage Shut-off Procedures” before doing any work related with the high voltage system to avoid serious electrical injuries.
1.
Shut off the high voltage circuit. (Refer to “High Voltage Shutoff Procedure” in this group)
2.
Remove the engine cover.
3.
Remove the air cleaner assembly. (Refer to Engine and transaxle assembly in this group)
4.
Remove the RH front wheel. (Refer to SS group)
5.
Remove the under cover. (Refer to Engine and transaxle assembly in this group)
6.
Turn the crankshaft pulley and align its groove with the timing mark of the timing chain cover to set the piston of No.1 cylinder to the top dead center on compression stroke.


7.
Disconnect the exhaust oil control valve (OCV) connector (A) and then remove the wiring from the cylinder head cover.


8.
Disconnect the positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) hose (A).


9.
Disconnect the ignition coil connectors (A) and then remove the wiring protector (B).


10.
Remove the ignition coils (A).


11.
Remove the cylinder head cover (A).


12.
Remove the water pump drive belt (A).

(1)


(1)
Put the SST (09252-3D100) between the crankshaft pulley and the drive belt.
(2)
Rotate the crankshaft pulley clockwise. Then the drive belt is removed.


13.
Remove the drive belt.
(1)
By rotating the #1 tensioner arm (A) counterclockwise, match the arm with the two tensioner stopper holes (B).


(2)
Insert the stopper pin (A) into the stopper holes matched with the #1 tensioner (B).
(3)
Remove the drive belt (C) after loosening the tension by rotating the #2 tensioner arm (D) clockwise.


14.
Remove the A/C compressor bracket (A).


15.
Drain the engine oil.
16.
Remove the oil pan (A). Insert the blade of SST (09215-3C000) between the ladder frame and oil pan. Cut off applied sealer and remove the lower oil pan.


   
   
Loosen one oil pan bolt near each corner of the oil pan leaving the bolts held in by about 2 threads. Then remove all other pan bolts.
   
   
Insert the SST between the oil pan and the ladder frame by tapping it with a plastic hammer in the direction of arrow.

After tapping the SST with a plastic hammer along the direction of arrow around more than 2/3 edge of the oil pan, remove it from the ladder frame.

Do not turn over the SST abruptly without tapping. It is result in damage of the SST.
Be careful not to damage the contact surfaces of ladder frame and lower oil pan.
17.
Set the jack to the edge of ladder frame.
   
   
Put the wooden block between ladder frame and jack.
Be careful not to damage the balance shaft & oil pump module.
18.
Disconnect the ground line (A), and then remove the engine mounting support bracket (B).


19.
Remove the crankshaft pulley (A) and the idler (B).


20.
Remove the water pump pulley (A) and the dust cover (B).


21.
Remove the engine support bracket (A).


22.
Remove the timing chain cover (A) by gently prying the portions between the cylinder head and cylinder block.


   
   
Be careful not to damage the contact surfaces of cylinder block, cylinder head and timing chain cover.
23.
Make sure that the key of crankshaft is aligned with the mating surface of main bearing cap. As a result of this, the piston of No.1 cylinder is placed at the top dead center on compression stroke.
24.
Release the ratchet using a thin rod. Compress the piston and then insert a stopper pin (A) into the hole on the ratchet to hold the compressed piston. Remove the timing chain tensioner (B).


25.
Remove the timing chain tensioner arm (A).
26.
Remove the timing chain (B).


27.
Remove the timing chain guide (A).


28.
Remove the timing chain oil jet (A) and the crankshaft chain sprocket (B).


29.
Remove the balance shaft chain.
Inspection
Sprockets, Chain Tensioner, Chain Guide, Chain Tensioner Arm
1.
Check the CVVT sprocket and crankshaft sprocket for abnormal wear, cracks, or damage. Replace as necessary.
2.
Inspect the tensioner arm and chain guide for abnormal wear, cracks, or damage. Replace as necessary.
3.
Check that the tensioner piston moves smoothly when the ratchet pawl is released with thin rod.
Drive belt, Idler, Pulley
1.
Check the idler for excessive oil leakage, abnormal rotation or vibration. Replace if necessary.
2.
Check belt for maintenance and abnormal wear of V-ribbed part. Replace if necessary.
3.
Check the pulleys for vibration in rotation, oil or dust deposit of V-ribbed part. Replace if necessary.
Installation
1.
Install the balance shaft chain. (Refer to Lubrication system in this group)
2.
Install the crankshaft chain sprocket (B) and the timing chain oil jet (A).

Tightening torque:
7.8 ~ 9.8N.m (0.8 ~ 1.0kgf.m, 5.8 ~ 7.2lb-ft)


3.
Set the crankshaft so that the key (A) of crankshaft will be aligned with the mating surface of main bearing cap. Put the intake and exhaust camshaft assembly so that the TDC marks (B) of the intake and exhaust CVVT sprockets will be aligned with the top surface of cylinder head. As a result of this, the piston of No.1 cylinder is placed at the top dead center on compression stroke.


4.
Install the timing chain guide (A).

Tightening torque:
9.8 ~ 11.8N.m (1.0 ~ 1.2kgf.m, 7.2 ~ 8.7lb-ft)


5.
Install the timing chain. To install the timing chain with no slack between each shaft (cam, crank), follow the below procedure.
Crankshaft sprocket (A) > Timing chain guide (B) > Intake CVVT sprocket (C) > Exhaust CVVT sprocket (D).


   
   
The timing marks of each sprocket should be matched with timing marks (color link) of timing chain when installing the timing chain.


6.
Install the timing chain tensioner arm (A).

Tightening torque:
9.8 ~ 11.8N.m (1.0 ~ 1.2kgf.m, 7.2 ~ 8.7lb-ft)


7.
Install the timing chain auto tensioner (B) and remove the stopper pin (A).

Tightening torque:
9.8 ~ 11.8N.m (1.0 ~ 1.2kgf.m, 7.2 ~ 8.7lb-ft)


8.
After rotating crankshaft 2 revolutions in regular direction (clockwise viewed from front), confirm that the TDC marks (A) on the intake and exhaust CVVT sprockets aligned with the top surface of cylinder head.


9.
Install the timing chain cover.
(1)
Using a gasket scraper, remove all the old packing material from the gasket surfaces.
(2)
The sealant locations on chain cover and on counter parts (cylinder head, cylinder block, and ladder frame) must be free of engine oil and etc.
(3)
Before assembling the timing chain cover, liquid sealant Loctite 5900H or equivalent should be applied on the gap between cylinder head and cylinder block. The part must be assembled within 5 minutes after sealant was applied.

Bead width: 2.5mm (0.10in.)


(4)
After applying liquid sealant Loctite 5900H or equivalent on the timing chain cover.
The part must be assembled within 5 minutes after sealant was applied. Continuous bead of sealant should be applied to prevent any path of oil leakage.

Bead width: 3.0mm (0.12in.)


(5)
The dowel pins on the cylinder block and holes on the timing chain cover should be used as a reference in order to assemble the timing chain cover to be in exact position.

Tightening torque:
Bolts A (M6?25) :
7.8 ~ 9.8N.m (0.8 ~ 1.0kgf.m, 5.8 ~ 7.2lb-ft)
Bolts B (M8?28) :
18.6 ~ 22.5N.m (1.9 ~ 2.3kgf.m, 13.7 ~ 16.6lb-ft)


   
   
The engine starting or pressure tests should not be performed within 30 minutes after the timing chain cover was assembled.
10.
Install the engine support bracket (A).

Tightening torque :
M10 bolts : 39.2 ~ 44.1N.m (4.0 ~ 4.5kgf.m, 28.9 ~ 32.5lb-ft)
M8 bolts : 19.6 ~ 24.5N.m (2.0 ~ 2.5kgf.m, 14.5 ~ 18.1lb-ft)


11.
Install the crankshaft front oil seal (A) using SST (09214-3K000, 09231-H1100).


12.
Install the water pump pulley (A) and the dust cover (B).

Tightening torque :
7.8 ~ 9.8N.m (0.8 ~ 1.0kgf.m, 5.8 ~ 7.2lb-ft)


13.
Install the crankshaft pulley (A) and the idler (B).

Tightening torque :
Crankshaft pulley (A) :
166.6 ~ 176.4N.m (17.0 ~ 18.0kgf.m, 122.9 ~ 130.1lb-ft)
Idler (B)
53.9 ~ 63.7N.m (5.5 ~ 6.5kgf.m, 39.7 ~ 47.0lb-ft)


   
   
Use the SST (09231-3D100, 09231-3D200) to install the crankshaft pulley bolt.
1)
Remove the service cover (A) on the bottom of the ladder frame and unfasten the two transaxle mounting bolts (B).


2)
Rotate the crankshaft pulley clockwise until a groove (A) on the torsion damper comes in sight.


3)
Adjust the length of the holder (A) so that the front plate of the holder (B) puts in the groove at the closest position.
4)
Adjust the angle of the links (C) so that the two transaxle mounting bolts can be fastened to the original mounted holes.


5)
Install the SST (09231-3D100, 09231-3D200) using the two transaxle mounting bolts and spacers. Tighten the bolts and nuts of the holder and links securely.


14.
Install the engine mounting support bracket (B).

Tightening torque :
88.3 ~ 107.9N.m (9.0 ~ 11.0kgf.m, 65.1 ~ 79.6lb-ft)

15.
Connect the engine ground line (A).

Tightening torque :
10.8 ~ 13.7 N.m (1.1 ~ 1.4 kgf.m, 8.0 ~ 10.1 lb-ft)


16.
Remove the jack from the ladder frame.
17.
Install the oil pan.
(1)
Using a gasket scraper, remove all the old sealant material from the gasket surfaces.
(2)
Before assembling the oil pan, liquid sealant Loctite 5900H, Threebond 1217H or equivalent should be applied on oil pan. The part must be assembled within 5 minutes after sealant was applied.

Bead width : 2.5mm (0.10in.)


   
   
When applying sealant gasket, sealant must not be protruded into the inside of oil pan.
To prevent leakage of oil, apply sealant gasket on the inner threads of the bolt holes.
(3)
Install the oil pan (A). Uniformly tighten the bolts in several passes.

Tightening torque
Bolts B (M9) :
30.4 ~ 34.3N.m (3.1 ~ 3.5kgf.m, 22.4 ~ 25.3lb-ft)
Bolts C (M6) :
9.8 ~ 11.8N.m (1.0 ~ 1.2kgf.m, 7.2 ~ 8.7lb-ft)


   
   
After assembly, wait at least 30 minutes before filling the engine with oil.
   
   
Always use a new drain plug gasket.
18.
Install the A/C compressor bracket (A).

Tightening torque :
Bolts (B) : 19.6 ~ 23.5N.m (2.0 ~ 2.4kgf.m, 14.5 ~ 17.4lb-ft)
Bolts (C) : 20.0 ~ 33.0N.m (2.04 ~ 3.36kgf.m, 14.8 ~ 24.3lb-ft)


19.
Install the drive belt.
(1)
Rotate the drive belt #2 tensioner arm (A) clockwise moving the tensioner pulley bolt with wrench. After putting the belt (B) on the tensioner pulley, release the tensioner pulley slowly.
HSG pulley > Tensioner #1 pulley > Crankshaft damper pulley > Idler > Tensioner #2 pulley

(2)
Remove a stopper pin (D) on the drive belt #1 tensioner (C).


20.
Install the water pump drive belt.
(1)
Put the SST (09252-03200) between the crankshaft pulley and the drive belt.
(2)
Rotate the crankshaft pulley clockwise. Then the drive belt (A) is installed.


21.
Install cylinder head cover.
(1)
The hardening sealant located on the upper area between timing chain cover and cylinder head should be removed before assembling cylinder head cover.
(2)
After applying sealant, it should be assembled within 5 minutes.

Bead width : 2.5mm (0.10in.)


(3)
Install the cylinder head cover (A) by tightening the bolts as following method.

Tightening torque
1st step: 3.9 ~ 5.9N.m (0.4 ~ 0.6kgf.m, 2.9 ~ 4.3lb-ft)
2nd step: 7.8 ~ 9.8N.m (0.8 ~ 1.0kgf.m, 5.8 ~ 7.2lb-ft)


   
   
Do not reuse cylinder head cover gasket.
The firing and/or blow out test should not be performed within 30 minutes after the cylinder head cover was assembled.
22.
Install the ignition coils (A).

Tightening torque :
3.9 ~ 5.9N.m (0.4 ~ 0.6kgf.m, 2.9 ~ 4.3lb-ft)


23.
Install the wiring protector (B), and then connect the ignition coil connectors (A).


24.
Connect the positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) hose (A).


25.
Connect the exhaust Oil control valve (OCV) connector (A).


26.
Install the under cover. (Refer to Engine and transaxle assembly in this group)
27.
Install the RH front wheel. (Refer to SS group - "Wheel")
28.
Install the air cleaner assembly. (Refer to Engine and transaxle assembly in this group)
29.
Install the safety plug in the trunk. (Refer to Engine and transaxle assembly in this group)
30.
Install the engine cover.
31.
Add all the necessary fluids and check for leaks. Connect GDS. Check for codes, note, and clear. Recheck.
   
   
Refill engine with engine oil.
Clean battery posts and ca
    Timing Chain Components and Components Location
    Components 1. Intake camshaft2. Exhaust camshaft3. Intake CVVT assembly4. Exhaust CVVT assembly5. Timing chain6. Timing chain guide7. Timing chain tensioner arm8. Timing chain tensioner9. Timing ...

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