Kia Optima: General Information - General InformationKia Optima: General Information

Identification Number Locations

Identification Number Description


Identification Number Description
Vehicle Identification Number

1.


1.
World Manufacturer Identifier (WMI)
- KNA : Passenger vehicle, MPV(Multipurpose Passenger Vehicle)/SUV(Sports Utility Vehicle)/RV(Recreational Vehicle)
2.
Vehicle line
- G : OPTIMA
3.
Model & Series
- L : Low grade (L)
- M : Middle-Low grade (GL)
- N : Middle grade (GLS, JSL, TAX)
- P : Middle-High grade (HGS)
- R : High grade (TOP)
4.
Body/Cabin type, Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
- 4 : Sedan - 4 door
5.
Restraint system, Brake system
Code
Seat belt
Front air bag
Knee air bag
Side air bag
Curtain air bag
Driver''s
Passenger''s
Driver''s
Passenger''s
1st row
2nd row
3rd row
1st row
2nd row
3rd row
A
0
0
0
?
?
0
?
?
0
0
?
B
0
0
0
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
C
0
0
0
?
?
0
?
?
0
0
0
D
0
0
0
?
?
0
0
?
0
0
?
E
0
0
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
F
0
0
0
?
?
0
?
?
?
?
?
L
0
0
0
0
?
0
?
?
0
0
?
N
0
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
J
0
0
0
0
?
0
0
?
0
0
0

6.
Engine type
- D : Gasoline engine 2.4 (Theta-II) + HEV
7.
Check digit or Driver’s side & Transmission
- Check digit : 0 ~ 9, ?
8.
Production year
- D : 2013, E : 2014, F : 2015, G : 2016 …
9.
Plant of production
- 5 : Hwasung (Korea)
10.
Vehicle production sequence number
- 000001 ~ 999999
Paint Code
Code
Color
SWP
Snow White Pearl
3D
Bright Silver
ABP
Aurora Black pearl
B3U
Smokey Blue
C3S
Aluminum Silver

Engine Number

1.


1.
Engine fuel
- G : Gasoline
2.
Engine range
- 4 : 4 cycle 4 cylinder
3.
Engine development order and capacity
- K : Theta engine (Gasoline)
4.
Engine Capacity
- K : 2359cc (Theta-II HEV engine)
5.
Production year
- D : 2013, E : 2014, F : 2015, G : 2016 …
6.
Plant of production
- A : Asan (Korea)
- B : Beijing (China)
- H : Hwasung (Korea)
- K : Montgomery (U.S.A)
- M : Chennai (India)
- P : Poseung (Korea)
- S : Sohari (Korea)
- T : Izmit (Turkey)
- U : Ulsan (Korea)
- W : Shandong (China)
- Z : Zilina (Slovakia)
- 1 : Yancheng (China)
7.
Engine production sequence number
- 000001 ~ 999999
Transaxle Number

1.


1.
Model
- HA : A6MF2H (Theta-II 2.4 HEV)
2.
Production year
- D : 2013, E : 2014, F : 2015, G : 2016 …
3.
Final gear ratio
- S : 3.320
4.
Detailed classification
- A : Theta-II 2.4 HEV
5.
Spare
6.
Transaxle production sequence number
- 000001~999999
Warning / Caution Label Locations


1. Fan caution
2. Radiator cap caution
3. Auxiliary 12V battery caution
4. High voltage caution
5. High voltage battery caution

Auxiliary 12V battery Caution Label Description

Warning / Caution Label (Cont''d)


Warning / Caution Label (Cont''d)
A.
Keep lighted cigarettes and all other flames or sparks away from the battery.

B.
Wear eye protection when charging or working near a battery. Always provide ventilation when working in an enclosed space.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on acid to leak resulting in personal injury. Lift with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite corners.
Never attempt to change the battery when the battery cables are connected.
The electrical ignition system works with high voltage.
Never touch these components with the engine running or the ignition switched on.

C.
Keep batteries out of the reach of children because batteries contain highly corrosive SULFURIC ACID. Do not allow battery acid to contact your skin, eyes, clothing or paint finish.

D.
If any electrolyte gets into your eyes, flush your eyes with clean water for at least 15 minutes and get immediate medical attention. If possible, continue to apply water with a sponge or cloth until medical attention is received.
If electrolyte gets on your skin, throughly wash the contacted area. If you feel a pain or a burning sensation, get medical attention immediately.

E.
Always read the following instructions carefully when handing a battery.

F.
Hydrogen, which is a highly combustible gas, is always presents in battery cells and may explode if ignited.

G.
An improperly disposed battery can be harmful to the environment and human health.
Always confirm local regulations for battery disposal.

Handling And Storage The Auxiliary 12V Battery
Battery Itself
Batteries should be stored in cool, dry (27°C/80°F) places and out of direct sunlight.
MF batteries are tightly sealed to prevent acid leakage.
However, tilting the battery to an angle of 45 degrees can cause acid to leak through the vents on the sides. Therefore, batteries should always be stored in their upright positions. Prevent placing any aqueous or solid (i.e. conductors) bodies on top of the battery.
It is extremely dangerous to use tools, such as hammers, on the battery terminals when connecting cables to the mounted battery.
Battery on Vehicle
When storing the vehicle for long periods of time, make sure to remove the memory fuse at junction box to prevent natural discharging.
Also, run the engine for battery charging within 1 month if the memory fuse wasn''t removed from the start of vehicle storing.
If the memory fuse was removed, run the engine for battery charging within 3 months from the start of vehicle storing.

   
   
After reconnecting or recharging a discharged battery, the ESC OFF indicator may illuminate.
In this case, turn the handle half way to the left and right whilst the ignition switch is in the ON position.
Then, restart the engine after the ignition is OFF.
The ESC OFF indicator may turn OFF.
If the ESC OFF indicator does not turn OFF, have the system checked refering to DTC.
Lift And Support Points
   
   
When heavy rear components such as suspension, fuel tank, spare tire, tailgate and trunk lid are to be removed, place additional weight in the luggage area before hoisting. When substantial weight is removed from the rear of the vehicle, the center of gravity may change and can cause the vehicle to tip forward on the hoist.
   
   
Since each tire/wheel assembly weights approximately 14kg (30lbs), placing the front wheels in the luggage area can assist with the weight distribution.
Use the same support points to support the vehicle on safety stands.
1.
Place the lift blocks under the support points as shown in the illustration.
2.
Raise the hoist a few inches (centimeters) and rock the vehicle to be sure it is firmly supported.
3.
Raise the hoist to full height to inspect the lift points for secure support.


Towing
If the vehicle needs to be towed, call a professional towing service. Never tow vehicle with just a rope or chain. It is very dangerous.
Emergency Towing
There are three popular methods of towing a vehicle :
The operator loads the vehicle on the back of truck. This is best way of transporting the vehicle.
The tow truck uses two pivoting arms that go under the tires of the driving axle and lift them off the ground. The other two wheels remain on the ground.
The tow truck uses metal cables with hooks on the ends. These hooks go around parts of the frame or suspension, and the cables lift that end of the vehicle off the ground. The vehicle''s suspension and body can be seriously damaged if this method of towing is attempted.
If the vehicle cannot be transported by flat-bed, should be towed with the wheels of the driving axle off the ground and do the following :
Manual Transaxle
Release the parking brake.
Shift the Transaxle to neutral
Automatic Transaxle
Release the parking brake.
Start the engine.
Shift to [D] position, then [N] position.
Turn off the engine.
   
   
The vehicle equipped with full-time 4WD should be only transported on a flat-bed.
Improper towing preparation will damage the transaxle. Follow the above procedure exactly. If you cannot shift the transaxle or start the engine(automatic transaxle), your vehicle must be transported on a flat-bed.
It is the best to tow vehicle no farther than 30km (19miles), and keep the speed below 50km/h (30mph). (For the full-time 4WD vehicle, limit the towing to 1.5km (1mile) and 15km/h (10mph).)
Trying to lift or tow your vehicle by the bumpers will cause serious damage. The bumpers are not designed to support the vehicle''s weight.
Meaning Of Symbols
There are five primary symbols used to complement illustrations. These symbols indicate the part to apply such materials during service.
Symbol
Meaning

Do not reuse the part. Replace a new one.

Apply engine oil or transmission oil to the part.

Apply automatic transmission fluid (ATF) to the part.

Apply grease to the part.

Apply sealant to the part.


General Service Information
Protection Of The Vehicle
Always be sure to cover fenders, seats, and floor areas before starting work.
   
   
The support rod must be inserted into the hole near the edge of the hood whenever you inspect the engine compartment to prevent the hood from falling and causing possible injury.
Make sure that the support rod has been released prior to closing the hood. Always check to be sure the hood is firmly latched before driving the vehicle.
Preparation Of Tools And Measuring Equipment
Be sure that all necessary tools and measuring equipment are available starting work.
Special Tools
Use special tools when they are required.

Removal Of Parts


Removal Of Parts
First find the cause of the problem and then determine whether removal or disassembly before starting the job.

Disassembly


Disassembly
If the disassembly procedure is complex, requiring many parts to be disassembled, all parts should be disassembled in a way that will not affect their performance or external appearance.
1)
Inspection of parts
Each part, when removed, should be carefully on suspected for malfunction, deformation, damage, and other problems.


2)
Arrangement of parts
All disassembled parts should be carefully arranged for effective reassembly.
Be sure to separate and correctly identify the parts to be replaced from those that will be used again.


3)
Cleaning parts for reuse
All parts to be used again should be carefully and thoroughly cleaned by an appropriate method.


Parts
When replacing parts, use KIA MOTORS genuine parts.

Replacement


Replacement
Standard values, such as torques and certain adjustments, must be strictly observed in the reassembly of all parts.
If removed, the following parts should always be replaced with new ones.
1)
Oil seals
2)
Gaskets
3)
O-rings
4)
Lock washers
5)
Cotter pins (split pins)
6)
Plastic nuts

Depending on their location.


Depending on their location.
7)
Sealant should be applied to gaskets.
8)
Oil should be applied to the moving components of parts.
9)
Specified oil or grease should be applied to the prescribed locations (oil seals, etc) before assembly.

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